Trametes hirsuta

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Radial zonation

Radial zonation

Radial zonation

Hirsute = hairy, a description of the top of the pileus (cap) which comes in several tones of tan to grey and white.

 Photo by C. McWest 

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Saprobic

Radial zonation

Radial zonation

These wood-eaters will grow into one another and can reach sizes around 10cm. Note the margin (edge of cap) is generally a shade of brown.

 Photo by C. McWest 

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Angular pores

Radial zonation

Angular pores

3-4 angular to circular pores per mm.

 Photo by C. McWest 

Trametes lactinea

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Radial zonation

Light, darkening pores

Radial zonation

Can grow up to 25cm wide and up to 7cm thick at base, hard and corky. The surface is velvety to the touch but does not have hairs. 

 Photo by C. McWest 

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Saprobic

Light, darkening pores

Radial zonation

Like almost everything on this page, these are wood-eaters found on dead or dying wood. Particularly oaks.

 Photo by C. McWest 

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Light, darkening pores

Light, darkening pores

Light, darkening pores

The angular pores are white when young and fresh and darken with age, usually to be darker than the cap surface. Note the thick walls around the pores that thin with age. 

 Photo by C. McWest 

Trametes betulina

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Fuzzy cap

Voracious wood decomposer

'Gilled' bottom

Like several of the Trametes, these have a fuzzy or velevety cap with concentric striations of various colors

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'Gilled' bottom

Voracious wood decomposer

'Gilled' bottom

Unlike the other Trametes, T. betulina have modified pores that look like gills and make it easy to identify.

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Voracious wood decomposer

Voracious wood decomposer

Voracious wood decomposer

These wood-eaters are saprobic and have similar texture to other members of the genus.

Trametes versicolor, the Turkey-tail

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Fuzzy caps

Concentric striations

Concentric striations

Trametes versicolor, commonly known as the Turkey-tail will always have fuzzy/velvety caps, the fuzz will often be slightly different within differently colored zones

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Concentric striations

Concentric striations

Concentric striations

Fan-shaped, often merging into multi-fanned masses with a large variety of colors from amber to steel-blue with radial striations.

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Pores on bottom

Concentric striations

Pores on bottom

Unlike several of its look-a-likes (particularly the Stereums), Trametes versicolor will have small pores on its underside. 

Stereum ostrea

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Fan shaped

Many-colored

Many-colored

Stereum ostrea tend to grow as fan-shaped but may fold in on themselves to become almost cone-shaped

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Many-colored

Many-colored

Many-colored

They come in colors ranging from bleached-white, to ocher, to vermillion red.

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Wood-eaters

Many-colored

Wood-eaters

Stereum tend to grow in fruit in great numbers on dead or dying wood. Their undersides will always be smooth and lack pores.

Stereum comlicatum

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Small, fused leafletes

Small, fused leafletes

Small, fused leafletes

 Stereum complicatum, a hardwood loving crust fungus with smaller “leafletes” than the related Stereum “hirsutum”

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Orange and fuzzy

Small, fused leafletes

Small, fused leafletes

Like several other Stereum, the cap is adorned with a small layer of fuzz. This species is almost always some shade of orange and easy to spot.

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Smooth bottomed crust

Small, fused leafletes

Smooth bottomed crust

Like other Stereum, these have a smooth bottom and often form large crusts, especially along the base of their substrate (wood).

Stereum hirsutum

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More striations

Orange and fuzzy

Orange and fuzzy

Like S. complicatum, S. hirsutum has a slight fuzz on its striated cap surface.

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Orange and fuzzy

Orange and fuzzy

Orange and fuzzy

 Like S. complicatum, S. hirsutum is often an orange-ish color and grows on wood.
These too have a smooth underside.

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Larger leafletes

Orange and fuzzy

Larger leafletes

One main distinction is that S. hirsutum has larger leafletes that often do not fuse, so are independent.

Trichaptum biforme

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Growing in number

Growing in number

Growing in number

Trichaptum biforme grow in massive number on dead or dying wood, often alongside Stereum and Trametes species. They have a similar texture to those mentioned genera and are finely hairy on their cap.

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Toothed bottom

Growing in number

Growing in number

T. biforme is a polypore but the pores have evolved a modification that makes them appear to have a more 'toothed' appearance. This is an important indicator for this species. 

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Lilac-edged

Growing in number

Lilac-edged

These fan-shaped fruitbodies will have slight striations, and when fresh, present the beautiful lilac edge seen in these images. The lilac color will fade when the fruitbody dries and ages.

Spongipellis pachyodon

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Wood-eater

Unique, oblong teeth

"Toothed" polypore

 Spongipellis pachyodon  is another parasitic wood-eater commonly found on dead or dying wood.

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"Toothed" polypore

Unique, oblong teeth

"Toothed" polypore

Unlike species of the genus Hericium, these have a distinctive cap structure from which the 'teeth' hang. The texture of the fruitbody is akin to wetted shoe-leather.

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Unique, oblong teeth

Unique, oblong teeth

Unique, oblong teeth

The modified pores form distinctive oblong teeth that can reach more than an inch each and are not easily pulled from the rest of the fruitbody. I think of them as trunks from the almost namesake, "pachy"derm

Hericium erinaceus

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Fairly tight round shape

Fairly tight round shape

Fairly tight round shape

This species tends to grow in a singular, and quite round clump. Often seen as a baseball to basketball sized white mass growing on dead or dying wood.

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Long, delicate teeth

Fairly tight round shape

Fairly tight round shape

The teeth of H. erinaceus are round and taper to a point. The tips will brown first with age as the fruitbody becomes slightly bitter. 

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A meaty treat

Fairly tight round shape

A meaty treat

The fruitbody will shred by hand and will grow as a single tightly packed entity prior to the elongation of its teeth.

Galerina marginata, deadly

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Tan to reddish brown cap

Buff colored gills darken with spores

Buff colored gills darken with spores

These beautiful but deadly wood-decomposers contain amatoxin (like that found in deadly Amanitas). They may be confused for Gymnopilus or Flammulina spp. which have similar coloration's, size, and ecological roles.

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Buff colored gills darken with spores

Buff colored gills darken with spores

Buff colored gills darken with spores

Unlike their look-a-likes G. marginata will drop a brown spore-print which will often darken its otherwise light-tan gills. 

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Find the annulus

Buff colored gills darken with spores

Find the annulus

White(ish) ring or ring zone on a stipe that can be white(ish) to dark-brown in color

Pluteus cervinus

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Pink gills

Buff to dark-brown cap

Buff to dark-brown cap

The gills begin a salmon pink and quickly darken to brown as they drop a substantial spore load that are a pinkish-brown. 

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Buff to dark-brown cap

Buff to dark-brown cap

Buff to dark-brown cap

Caps appear several shaded of buff-tan-brown, sometimes with a darker center. There is no ring on the stipe and the fruitbody often grows out of decayed wood.

Deer mushroom

Buff to dark-brown cap

Deer mushroom

The common colloquial. Taste is often described as vaguely radish-like.